The only way to know if the cam timing is where you want it is to degree the cam. Large-diameter degree wheels are more expensive but are also far more accurate than smaller wheels. End The only way to know if the cam timing is where you want it is to degree the cam. Large-di Overlap Chronicles Overlap is defined as the number of crankshaft degrees of rotation established between when the exhaust valve closes (EC) and the intake valve opens (IO). This is established by several factors. We discussed this idea with Comp Cams’ lobe designer Billy Godbold. Godbold says the popular belief is that the lobe-separation angle is responsible for the amount of overlap, but that is only partly true. The important other half of the equation is the length of both intake and exhaust lobe durations. If either intake or exhaust duration increases, it will affect overlap. The accompanying Comp Cams illustration makes this easier to understand. If we move the intake and exhaust centerlines closer together, the angle gets smaller—as from 114 degrees to 110 degrees. When this happens, that small triangle that indicates overlap increases in size. With a given lobe-separation angle, overlap will increase with added duration. We’ve included a short explanation of how to calculate overlap from the opening and closing points given on the cam card. In our case, the specs for these three Comp cams are offered at 0.006-inch tappet lift. As you can see, increasing the duration from the smallest to the largest cam increases the overlap by an amazing 12 degrees, even though the lobe-separation angle remains at 110 degrees. This Comp Cams illustration clearly shows the triangle-shaped overlap area (arrow) that is created with the combination of exhaust closing and intake opening points. As you can see, moving the centerlines closer will increase overlap, while spreading the centerlines farther apart will reduce overlap. This Comp Cams illustration clearly shows the triangle-shaped overlap area (arrow) that is How to Calculate Overlap Comp Cams XR276 HR hydraulic roller cam PN 12-423-8 Duration: 224/230 degrees at 0.050 at 0.006-inch tappet lift Cam installed at 106-degree intake centerline Overlap = Exhaust Closing (EC) + Intake Opening (IO) Intake events: IO = 32 BTDC; IC = 64 ABDC Exhaust events: EO = 75 BBDC; EC = 27 ATDC Overlap = 27 + 32 = 59 degrees Now let’s look at three hydraulic roller camshafts with three different intake and exhaust durations yet with the same lobe-separation angle of 110 degrees. All overlap figures are given at 0.006-inch tappet lift. Comp XR 270: 218/224 degrees duration at 0.050 Overlap = 24 + 29 = 53 degrees overlap Comp XR 282: 230/236 degrees of duration at 0.050 Overlap = 30 + 35 = 65 degrees overlap Comp XR294: 242/248 degrees of duration at 0.050 Overlap = 36 + 41 = 77 degrees overlap Even though the lobe-separation angle of 110 degrees did not change with these three cams, the overlap increased a total of 24 degrees because both the intake and exhaust durations increased by 12 degrees with each larger cam. SOURCES Kurt Urban Performance Commerce MI 248-345-8169 www.kurturbanperformance.com Comp Cams 3406 Democrat Road Memphis TN 38118 800-999-0853 www.compcams.com/ « | 1 | 2 | 3 | View Full Article By Jeff Smith Enjoyed this Post? Subscribe to our RSS Feed, or use your favorite social media to recommend us to friends and colleagues!