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The Turbo Cam Shootout

Learn something new every day about the world of turbos

By Richard Holdener, Photography by Richard Holdener

After running through our three cams in naturally aspirated trim, we performed the same test with some boost. The turbos, the intercooler, and majority of the plumbing (aluminum and steel tubing, couplers, clamps, and hardware) were supplied by CX Racing (CXRacing.com). Having run them successfully a number of times in the past, we selected a pair of 76mm turbos and combined them with a dual-core, air-to-water intercooler. Given the low boost level employed during testing, the intercooler was probably not necessary (especially on the blow-through carb application that further cools the intake charge), but cooler air is always better. We fed the turbos with a pair of shorty headers run upside down, mounting the turbos with V-band clamps and T4 turbo flanges. Completing the homemade turbo "kit" were a pair of 45mm Hypergate wastegates, a Race Port blow-off valve, and a manual waste-gate controller, all supplied by Turbo Smart. The turbo combination also necessitated the switch to a Holley carburetor modified for boost by Carburetor Solutions Unlimited (CSU) and a dedicated, blow-through carb bonnet.

With our twin-turbo small-block up and running, it was time for more cam testing. First up was the mildest cam, which produced 657 hp at 5,400 rpm and 677 lb-ft of torque at 4,600 rpm. Adding just 5.9 psi of boost increased the power output of the small-block by 190 hp and 182 lb-ft of torque. The torque curve was impressive, bettering 650 lb-ft from 3,700 rpm to 5,200 rpm, and the powerband ranged from 4,600 to 5,900 for a 1,300-rpm spread (wider than the naturally aspirated curve by 300 rpm). Despite the oversized turbos (capable of exceeding 1,500 hp), we had full boost available at 3,000 rpm, though the engine dyno does subject the motor to an artificial load not replicated on the street or strip.

Cam number two increased the power output substantially, with a jump to 713 hp at 6,200 rpm and 690 lb-ft at 4,800 rpm. Note that similar to the NA testing, the peak numbers were up, but so was the engine speed at which they occurred. The same 5.9 psi improved the power output of the NA combination by 205 hp and 185 lb-ft of torque. True to form, the medium cam shifted the effective torque curve, bettering 650 lb-ft from 4,100 rpm to 5,700 rpm (a change of 400 to 500 rpm over the smaller cam). This produced a powerband of 1,400 rpm, a full 100 rpm broader than the small cam curve and 400 rpm more than the naturally aspirated curve. So far, the cam swaps on the turbo motor were mirroring the gains experienced on the NA combination.

The final cam to be tested was the wildest of the three, but the gains achieved on the naturally aspirated motor did not translate to the turbo combination. Running the same boost level as the previous two cams, the turbo combination produced 720 hp at 6,500 rpm and 665 lb-ft of torque at 4,800 rpm. The peak power was up slightly over the smaller cam but was nowhere near the extra 26 hp offered in NA trim. In fact, the turbo motor's power output was down compared with the middle cam. It seems this cam was a tad on the wild side for our turbo application, so unlike the naturally aspirated stroker, bigger was actually not better. Comparing the big cam torque with the small cam at 3,600 rpm (typical converter stall speed), the longer-duration cam lost 87 lb-ft and 59 hp.

Having a turbo stroker on the dyno (even with a less-than-ideal cam) and running just 5.9 psi made us hungry for more boost. Not wanting to hurt The Animal, we cranked up the boost just a smidge to about 9 psi. Even those few extra pounds of boost had a significant impact on power, allowing the twin-turbo 420 to belt out 862 hp and 816 lb-ft of torque. With a couple more turns of the wastegate controller, this becomes an easy 1,000hp small-block.

In Theory

In naturally aspirated trim, increasing the lift and duration had a positive and predictable effect on the power curve of the stroker small-block. With each successive increase in lift and, more important, in duration, the peak power output increased from 467 hp to 508 hp to 534 hp. The single-pattern cams were likely not ideally suited to the naturally aspirated application, but the changes show a general trend toward increased power and engine speed. Note that the peak power outputs of each combination occurred progressively higher, starting with 5,300 rpm for the mild cam, edging up past 5,800 rpm, and then 6,300 rpm for the larger two. The torque peaks revealed the same trend, increasing from 4,400 rpm with the small cam to 4,800 rpm with the largest cam. This trend continued with the first two cams once we installed the turbos from CX Racing, but the turbocharged motor did not respond favorably to the wildest cam profile. The peak power output was up by just 7 hp (compared with a gain of 26 hp naturally aspirated), and the larger cam lost power to the smaller grind from 3,200 rpm to 6,100 rpm. For our turbo application, the second cam was the hot setup.

We spoke to Matt Maxwell and Billy Godbold at Comp Cams to get their thoughts about what was happening. "I think this will demonstrate what we generally expect with turbo applications," says Godbold. "In general, the high air density allows a drastic increase in the mass flow [power], but the flow velocity is lower (imagine lots of closely spaced atoms moving slower compared with wide-spaced atoms moving faster) Balanced turbo applications almost act like N/A except with heads [that have] tremendous flow (imagine a 350-cfm intake head becoming 700 cfm ). The rule of thumb has always been the more air the head flows, the smaller cam you need. In turbo applications, the backpressure is very important. If the backpressure is more than 5 to 10 pounds above the boost, then you can have drastic backflow during overlap. In such cases, the cams have to have reduced overlap when compared with N/A applications. In this case, I am not sure if the cams were just too big or if the backpressure resulted in severe backflow. The measured backpressure and exhaust residue is what you need to know."

SOURCES
Brodix
301 Maple P.O. Box 1347
Mena
AR  71953
479-394-1075
http://www.brodix.com
Jesel
1985 Cedar Bridge Ave
Lakewood
NJ  08701
732-901-1800
http://www.jesel.com
Comp Cams
3406 Democrat Road
Memphis
TN  38118
800-999-0853
http://www.compcams.com
K1 Technologies
889 76th Street SW Unit 6
Byron Center
MI  49315
616-583-9700
www.k1technologies.com
Westside Performance
Los Angeles
CA
310-820-4718
www.westsideperformance.org
Turbo Smart
11650 Mission Park Drive
Suite 103
Rancho Cucamonga
CA  91730
909-476-2570
http://www.turbosmartonline.com
Dart Machinery
353 Oliver Street
Troy
MI  48084
248-362-1188
http://www.dartheads.com
Wrenchrat
Spokane
WA
509-462-2934
www.wrenchrat.org
JE Pistons
15312 Connector Lane
Huntington Beach
CA  92649
714-898-9763
http://www.jepistons.com
CX Racing
626-575-3288
http://www.cxracing.com
Comp Turbo
221 West Allen Avenue
San Dimas
CA  91773
909-599-5757
http://www.compturbo.com
BHJ Products Inc.
Newark
CA
510-797-6780
www.bhjinc.com
Carburetor Solutions Unlimited
17367 Reed Street
Fontana
CA  92336
909-851-6955
www.camresearch.com
wiseco pistons
mentor
OH
800-321-1364
wiseco.com
By Richard Holdener
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37 comments
David Navarro
David Navarro

Give it more fuel or adjust the distributor curve

Lee Getzelman
Lee Getzelman

Looks a little lean boys give her some fuel before ya burn her up :)

Keith Kavon
Keith Kavon

some one please correct me if i am wrong, but i thought when building an exhaust, the way to tune it and have maximum flow is to have your fist restriction, like cat. converters, placed after your glowing pipe section. that is something i was taught in performance builds.

Norman Willingham
Norman Willingham

Sure plays Hell with hood paint, but who cares? fun makes it worth it.

Bogie-Motorsports
Bogie-Motorsports

Expensive way to light you smoke - whatever it might be! LOL

Robert Vander Velden
Robert Vander Velden

That's nothing. You should have seen the cast manifold on my mini van when my cat converter was plugged. :) Cherry.....;)

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