Measuring engine specs is really just simple math, but just the thought of manipulating numbers can make some car guys cringe. Count your author among that crowd. The more oddball the number, the more I shudder, and don't ask me to work with fractions unless you want to watch my head explode. But really, violent cerebral hemorrhaging is not necessary, and often the numbers aren't as bad as you think. It makes a lot more sense if you can visualize the space you're measuring, and once you get over that hurdle, checking engine clearances is not whard at all. Above: You will use outside micrometers for most measurements in your engine. Here, QMP’s Rob Bieschke is using a Mitutoyo 2- to 3-inch outside mic to measure main bearing and connecting rod journals of an LS7 engine he is assembling for a customer. Really high-end measuring instruments can read very precise values. The LS7’s rear-most main journal measures 2.55925 inches. That’s to the hundred-thousandths of an inch! Above: You will use outside micrometers for most measurements in your engine. Here, QMP’s Left: When measuring, be sure to use the proper technique. Hold the micrometer perpendicular to the surface you are measuring. Adjust the ratchet until it is just tight enough that you can pass the mic across the surface with a slight drag. Left: When measuring, be sure to use the proper technique. Hold the micrometer perpendicul The same principle applies when measuring pistons. Tighten the ratchet until you feel a slight drag as you pull the micrometer across width of the piston. Also, rock the mic vertically to make sure you are holding it level. Note that pistons aren’t machined to a uniform diameter but are slightly oval shaped, with the widest spot (known as the guide point) being an area of the skirt 90 degrees from the piston pin. To find it, mic the piston from the oil ring to the bottom of the skirt. The guide point will be a couple thousandths wider than the rest of the skirt. The same principle applies when measuring pistons. Tighten the ratchet until you feel a sl Checking cylinder bores is a similar process, but it is done with a dial-bore gauge—an instrument that uses a dial indicator mounted in an adapter that allows measuring the inside diameters of various parts. A typical dial-bore gauge kit includes several different-length anvils to fit inside spaces ranging from a big-block Chevy’s cylinders to the little end of a connecting rod. Checking cylinder bores is a similar process, but it is done with a dial-bore gauge—an ins Most of us don’t have QMP’s cool gauge-setting fixture, but you can set the outside micrometer to the exact reading of the piston diameter. To do so, mount the mic in a vice, set up the dial-bore gauge, and read the distance inside the micrometer. Rotate the dial on the face of the gauge to read zero at the diameter of the piston. Most of us don’t have QMP’s cool gauge-setting fixture, but you can set the outside microm To measure piston to cylinder wall clearance, set the bore gauge to the measurements you obtained when measuring the piston diameter with the outside micrometer. QMP Racing Engines has this cool fixture that Bieschke uses to dial in the exact diameter of the piston. To measure piston to cylinder wall clearance, set the bore gauge to the measurements you o Drop the gauge into the cylinders and measure their diameter. The number read by the needle shows the difference between the outside diameter of the piston and the inside diameter of the cylinder. Honestly, setting the gauge face to zero doesn’t matter, as you’re really looking to see how much the gauge moves. Zeroing it just makes it less confusing. A very general rule of thumb is no more than 0.004 inch piston to cylinder wall clearance. But be sure to check with your piston manufacturer, because clearances change between 4032 and 2618 alloy pistons. Depending on the material and construction, some pistons grow more than others when exposed to the heat of combustion. While you’re at it, check the cylinder in several locations to make sure it is round. Check the service manual for the out-of-round spec. If you really want to be accurate, this is best done with torque plates installed on the block. This is especially important on all aluminum engine blocks. Drop the gauge into the cylinders and measure their diameter. The number read by the needl Checking the bearing clearance is a similar process. For the connecting rods, Bieschke used a smaller-bore gauge and set it based on the measurements he took from the crank journals. With the gauge zeroed at the spec for the journal, the reading indicated by the pointer is the bearing clearance—the difference between the diameter of the crank journal and the inside diameter of the connecting rod with the bearings installed and the rod bolts torqued. Bieschke says he likes to see roughly 0.001 inch of clearance per every inch of journal diameter. Checking the bearing clearance is a similar process. For the connecting rods, Bieschke use Checking main bearing clearance is done exactly the same way. Set up the bore gauge to read zero based on the crankshaft’s main bearing journal diameter. The difference indicated on the dial is the bearing clearance. Again, the generic 0.001 inch of clearance per inch of main journal diameter applies. More or less will require over or undersized bearings or line honing of the block. Bearing clearances change based mainly on variations in housing bore diameters. Note that to get the most accurate reading, you would have all the main caps installed and properly torqued. Bieschke and the rest of the crew at QMP had thoroughly checked this block before we got there; they just mocked up some of the measurements so we could take the pictures for this article. Thanks, guys! End Checking main bearing clearance is done exactly the same way. Set up the bore gauge to rea SOURCES Precision Measurement Supply San Antonio TX 210-681-2405 precisionmeasure.com Powerhouse Products 3402 Democrat Rd. Memphis TN 38118 800-872-7223 http://www.powerhouseproducts.com QMP Racing Engines 9530 Owensmouth Ave. #2 Chatsworth CA 91311 818-576-0816 http://www.qmpracing.com Hi-Tek Engine Rebuilding Gardena CA 310-327-2411 Proform Parts (Specialty Auto Parts U.S.A.) 26708 Groesbeck Highway Warren MI 48089 586-774-2500 www.proformparts.com By John McGann Enjoyed this Post? Subscribe to our RSS Feed, or use your favorite social media to recommend us to friends and colleagues!