Car Craft
Click here to find out more!

Camshaft Break-In Guide - How To Break In That Flat-Tappet Cam

By , Photography by

Oil Test Results
The following chart contains results from 10 different oil samples sent to Polaris Laboratories for additive testing. Polaris Labs offers a very affordable single sample test for $22 that will deliver not only the metals listed in the chart below but also contaminant and wear metal results that will quickly present an accurate picture of contaminant issues inside your engine. This is also a great test before buying a used engine or car. It took less than a week to obtain results.

Current API SM and SN oil limit ZDDP (zinc and phosphorous) levels to 800 ppm. While ZDDP break-in level recommendations for flat-tappet camshafts vary widely, it appears that concentrations of around 1,500 ppm or above are appropriate, and as you can see from our testing, most of the break-in oils achieve that level. Substantially higher levels of antiwear agents do not necessarily guarantee reduced wear. Once the engine is sufficiently broken in, specialty oils for flat-tappet camshafts with ZDDP levels of roughly 1,200 ppm or higher are acceptable. Note that we also tested an older Mobil 1 API SJ oil, and the zinc and phosphorous were right around 1,300 ppm. We did not include all the results that Polaris delivered, but we did list calcium, which is a detergent additive. According to Lake Speed Jr. from Joe Gibbs Racing, reducing detergent levels for break-in oil allows the zinc and phosphorous to remain in place in high-friction applications such as the interface between the camshaft and the lifter. Normal high detergent concentrations do a great job of cleaning, which unfortunately also removes portions of the protective ZDDP layer. This is why Joe Gibbs reduces the percentage of detergents in its break-in oil.

Also note that we tested both new Royal Purple break-in oil and the oil we drained from our small-block with the failed camshaft. The zinc and phosphorous levels were slightly lower than we expected, as were the levels in Brad Penn, especially when combined with higher levels of detergent. In the Royal Purple used oil sample, the phosphorous level was 920 ppm, which is only about 15 percent above SM 800 ppm standard. Conversely, the Lucas Break-In SAE 30 pegged the zinc-o-meter with a 6,400-ppm count.

Oil Additives
Zinc Phosphorous Magnesium Calcium Molybdenum
Lucas Break-in SAE 30 6,427 5,968 6 1,598 35
Royal Purple Break-In 30 (Used) 1,162 920 1,347 579 11
Royal Purple Break-In 30 (New) 1,053 1,040 551 2,617 1
Edelbrock Break-In SAE 30 1,250 1,180 18 3,155 0
Joe Gibbs Break-In SAE 30 2,669 2,616 1 462 0
Brad Penn Break-In SAE 30 1,073 931 21 2,285 0
Comp Cams Break-In 10W-30 2,630 2,535 25 5391 141
Mobil 1 15W-50 SJ 1,324 1,297 649 2723 199
Joe Gibbs XP1 1,047 844 6 495 1067
Lucas Racing Oil 10W-30 2,881 3,609 17 3,107 1,179
Oil, Lubes, and Additives
Description PN Source Price
Comp Cams additive 159 Summit Racing $10.95
Comp Cams Break-In, 10W-30 1590 Summit Racing 5.25 qt.
Comp Cams assembly lube, 8 oz. 153 Summit Racing 10.95
Edelbrock Break-In SAE 30 1070 Summit Racing 7.95 qt.
Edelbrock Hi-Performance 10W-40 1073 Summit Racing 7.95 qt.
Edelbrock additive 1074 Summit Racing 13.95
GM Engine Oil Supplement, EOS 88862586 Scoggin-Dickey 19.72
Joe Gibbs BR30 Break-In 10807 Joe Gibbs Driven 7.99 qt.
Joe Gibbs XP1 race oil 00007 Joe Gibbs Driven 14.99 qt.
Lucas Break-In SAE 30 10635-1 Summit Racing 6.95 qt.
Lucas synthetic racing 10W-30 10050-1 Summit Racing 7.25
Professional Products oil filter 10870 Summit Racing 104.95
Red Line oil additive 81430 Summit Racing 12.95
Royal Purple Break-In SAE 30 11487 Summit Racing 7.90
SOURCES
AMSOIL
925 Tower Ave.
Superior
WI  54880
800-777-8491
www.amsoil.com
Lucas Oil
302 North Sheridan Street
Corona
CA  92880
951-270-0154
www.lucasoil.com
Comp Cams
3406 Democrat Road
Memphis
TN  38118
800-999-0853
www.compcams.com
Shell Oil
P.O. Box 2463
Houstan
TX  77252
N/A
www.shelloil.com
Royal Purple
One Royal Purple Lane
Porter
TX  77365
888-382-6300
http://www.royalpurple.com
American Refining Group (Brad Penn)
Bradford
PA
814-368-1200
www.bradpennracing.com
FilterMag
13260 W Foxfire Drive #7
Surprise
AZ  85374
800-345-8376
www.filtermag.com
Conoco Phillips (Kendall)
Houston
TX
877-445-9198
www.kendallmotoroil.com
Driven Racing Oil
Huntsville
NC
866-611-1820
http://www.drivenracingoil.com/
Polaris Laboratories
Indianapolis
IN
877-808-3750
www.polarislabs1.com
Enjoyed this Post? Subscribe to our RSS Feed, or use your favorite social media to recommend us to friends and colleagues!
0 comments
Car Craft